Conservative dentistry

Conservative dentistry

Is that dentistry that allows us to cure the tooth decay in all its phases from the smallest to the greatest destruction of dental tissue. It is most popularly known as the fillings.

odontologia-conservadora

The conservative and restorative dentistry help us to prevent, stop and cure tooth decay in its all phases, from the smallest to the greatest destruction of dental tissue. The dental caries may slightly affect the dental structure, destroying only the enamel or may also progress to more serious stages, invading deeper tissues such as dentin or the dental pulp.

The treatment of dental caries is based on the removal of the infected tissue and the subsequent reconstruction of tissue lost due to biocompatible materials, in this case composite resins. It is most popularly known as the fillings and what currently call dental plugging. A successful outcome is reached through the realization of all proper procedures with the best materials and an excellent rehabilitation of the anatomy of each dental piece.

What is dental caries?

The caries is a multifactorial disease that is characterized by the destruction of the tissues of the tooth as a result of the demineralization caused by the acids that generates the bacterial plaque. Bacteria that produce acid from the remnants of food in the diet that are left incrusted. The chemical dental destruction is associated with the intake of sugars and acids content in drinks and food. The dental caries is also associated with errors in the techniques of hygiene as well as inadequate toothpastes, lack of tooth brushing, or not knowing well the movements of the mouth wash, absence of dental floss, as well as with a genetic etiology. It has also been established the influence of the pH of the saliva in relation to the caries. After the destruction of the enamel, it attacks the dentin and reaches the dental pulp producing inflammation, pulpitis, and subsequent necrosis (pulpar death). If the tooth is not treated in time, it can lead later to the inflammation of the area surrounding the apex (end of the root) producing an apical periodontitis, causing a tooth abscess, cellulitis or even a Ludwig’s angina.

Risk factors

- The baby should not be breastfed through bottle after the eruption of the first dental component and much less sugary compounds must be added to the milk.
Oral Hygiene: Contrary to the belief that you should not brush the mouth if there are no teeth, it is a good idea to clean the mouth of infants with a gauze wrapped around your finger and wet in physiological saline after each meal. When there are already teeth in the mouth it is necessary to begin the tooth brushing, never let a baby sleep without brushing their teeth and drinking milk, just because the milk that will rest in their mouth will favor the emergence of caries.
Sweetened pacifier: avoid the habit of sweetening the pacifier, because the sugars are transformed into acids by the bacteria of the oral environment.
Habits of parents: a father with a healthy mouth and free of decay is a minor risk’s factor for the child, even so all parents must avoid blowing their children’s food , giving them kisses on the mouth or sharing cutlery, so, in this way, they transmit cariogenic bacteria (capable of producing caries) to the mouth of their children.
Medication: it is common for the parents relate that after medical treatment their children’s teeth was “destroyed”, however, what really occurs is that the medication for children contains too much sugar with the purpose of having a pleasant flavor, so the tooth brushing must not be forgotten after the ingestion of medication.
Oral pH: pH is the degree of acidity or alkalinity of the mouth and is different in each human. The acid pH is an important factor for the start or evolution of decays, there are tests that can be done to determine this.
Intake of sweets
Crowded teeth: with defective dental restorations or defects in the enamel, or with a very deep anatomy.

Types of caries

caries-esmalte-dentina

Root Caries of enamel and dentin commitment with pulp

caries-esmalte-superiores

Caries of the enamel and dentin of upper front teeth

caries-profunda-esmalte

Deep caries of the enamel and dentin in molar with possible compromise pulp

Restorative dentistry

Aesthetic fillings

Plastic material that is capable of restoring and correct the defects produced by the dental caries. It has been indicated in cases of incipient caries and light, but in the cases of greatest commitment dental it is advised to refit with complete boots.

Porcelain veneers

They are restores performed in dental ceramics emptied or elaborated with high technology, that allows to correct in only two visits the problems in shape, size, position and color of our teeth with minimum wear. They can be performed in any patient at any age and in earlier permanent teeth.

Carillas de poreclana

Pocelain veneers

empaste-carillas

Porcelain veneers

empaste-estetico

Porcelain veneers

Porcelain Inlays

Ceramic Restorations are totally free of metallic structures that are used to restore occlusal lesions proximal to the premolars and molars getting excellent aesthetic and functional results.

© Copyright 2014 Dientes - Experts on dental implants - All rights reserved.